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Fertilizer basics

By :Plants Happy 0 comments
Fertilizer basics

Right feedings are important to grow healthy and beautiful plants, because they are strictly limited by the amount of soil in the pot.

Quite often people overlook the importance of fertilizing houseplants.

When potting soil is fresh, the plants won't need much. Especially it is true of today's enriched potting soils, which often have fertilizer and other additives mixed in. After few months, though, the plant will have eaten the nutrients in the soil, so you'll have to fertilize if you want continued and healthy growth.

All general-purpose fertilizers contain the basic macronutrients that has a specific function:

  • Nitrogen: advances healthy foliage growth

  • Phosphorous: provides bigger, healthier blooms

  • Potassium: encourages a strong stem and root system.

 In addition to these general macronutrients, better-quality fertilizers also contain micronutrients, that encourage healthier growth: boron, magnesium and manganese.
Too much fertilizer is often worse than not enough. An overdose of fertilizers can kill a plant or scorch its leaves. Also there are environmental concerns when rich nutrient solutions find their way into groundwater supplies.
Overfeeding is one of the most common mistakes made by indoor gardeners. 
! Always read the fertilizer label to determine what nutrients it contains and follow the instructions.

Types of Fertilizers

Fertilizers come in four different varieties: liquids, sticks, tablets, granules and slow-release forms. The best suited for indoor plants are liquid and slow-release fertilizers.
Liquid fertilizers are diluted into water and applied with a watering. Depending on label instructions, you can fertilize every time you water or according to the schedule. The type of plant is also impacted the frequency. For example, especially those with dramatic large blooms or leaves growing may require more frequent feeding.

Liquid fertilizer provides a steady supply of nutrients that you can control. You can always suspend feeding when the plant is at rest during the winter months, or to increase feeding when the plant is sending up new growth. For instance, Caladium needs feeding every week in spring-summer seasons as it develops their beautiful leaves during this time.

! Always learn your plant specific nutritional requirements.

The disadvantage, however, is that you need to remember to do it every time.
Slow-release fertilizers have quickly become favourites for many professional growers. Slow-release fertilizers are coated in time-release shells that slowly leach nutrients into the soil. The individual pellets have coatings of different thicknesses that dissolve at different rates: can last between 2 and 10 months. The main shortage is the higher cost of this fertilizer, but because it lasts so long, the cost balances out.
Fertilizer sticks doesn’t distribute nutrients very well through the soil - once you've inserted a stick into the pot, you have no control over its release. Granular fertilizers are designed for outdoor use.
Please, visit our store page for best fertilizers.